How to Build an Automatic Sugarcane Farm in Minecraft 1.20

In this tutorial you will learn how to build an automatic sugarcane farm in Minecraft. This will be very helpful when trying to make bookshelves to upgrade an enchanting table, and to farm paper to trade with villagers.

Note: This tutorial may not work on Minecraft Bedrock, as redstone functions differently on Minecraft Bedrock and Minecraft Java Edition.

Materials List:

materials list
  • 12 Glass Panes
  • 26 Stone (This can be replaced with any block of your choosing)
  • 4 Redstone
  • 4 Hoppers
  • 4 Pistons
  • 4 Observers
  • 4 Chests
  • 4 Sugarcane
  • 4 Water Buckets

Step 1: Make a 4×1 Water Pool in the Ground

4x1 hole filled with water

Firstly, dig a 4×1 hole in the ground and place water in it, this will allow sugarcane to grow, as sugarcane must be next to water to grow.

Step 2: Place 2 4×1 Walls

Secondly, you should build the back walls, which the main redstone contraption will be on. This wall should be on top of the water pool. You should build a row of 4 stone blocks, with another row of 4 blocks behind the first row. However this row should be one block above the first row; as shown in the photos above.

Step 3: Place the Redstone on the Back Row of Blocks

Redstone along the back row of blocks

Thirdly, you will simply place 4 redstone along the back row of blocks; as shown in the photo.

Step 4: Place 3 Pistons and Observers on the Front Row of Blocks

Once you have placed the redstone, place a row of pistons along the front row, then place a row of observers along the top of the pistons. When placing the observers, you should ensure the faces appearing on the blocks are facing the away from the redstone; as shown in the photos, for the build to function properly. If you have done this correctly, the redstone should be connected to the observers; as shown in the photos

Step 5: Build 3×3 Walls on Both Sides of the Build

Next, build a 3×3 wall on both sides of the build. This wall will ensure all the sugarcane will go into the hoppers once they are placed, as it will not be able to fall off to the sides and be lost.

Step 6: Place the Sugarcane, Hoppers and Chests

After constructing the walls, break a 4×2 hole in the ground, and place chests and hoppers (it may take a few tries for the hoppers to connect to the chests correctly). Once the chests and the hoppers have been placed, you should then place the sugarcane in the gap between the hoppers and the back wall; as shown in the pictures above.

Step 8: Place Glass Panes

3x4 Glass Pane wall

Finally, you should construct a 4×3 wall of glass panes on top of the hoppers. This will stop any sugarcane from flying past the hoppers when it is broken by the piston. The small size of the glass panes ensures the sugarcane can still enter the hoppers.


Hopefully you now know how to build an auto sugarcane farm that will supply you with all the sugarcane you will ever need in your Minecraft world. You can find more Minecraft tips and tutorials on the homepage.



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